Structure of the O-polysaccharide of Providencia alcalifaciens O8 containing (2S,4R)-2,4-dihydroxypentanoic acid, a new non-sugar component of bacterial glycans

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A glycerol teichoic acid-like O-polysaccharide was obtained by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of Providencia alcalifaciens O8 and studied by chemical methods and NMR spectroscopy, including 2D ROESY, { 1 H, 13 C} HSQC, and HMQC-TOCSY experiments. It was found that the compound contains a new component of bacterial lipopolysaccharides: ether-linked (2S,4R)-2,4-dihydroxypentanoic acid (Dhpa), which was identified by NMR spectroscopy. The following structure of the repeating unit of the polysaccharide was established:
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